The Waterman Exception Slim Black Fountain Pen with gold trims is square in shape but not in style. This pen is the new flagship line for Waterman. Has a quadrangular cross section on both the cap and barrel. Decked out in deep black lacquer, this pen takes a classic combination, black and gold, and gives it a modern, geometric look.
An exception never follows a rule. Waterman Exception Slim Black Fountain Pen breaks free of all conventions. With its quadrangular body that narrows into a rounded shape at the grip for easier use, the Exception pen is unique and functional at the same time. And don’t let the word “slim” deceive you – slim only in comparison to the generously sized Exception standard, this is a full-sized pen that will be a comfortable fit for most users.
Waterman Exception Slim Black Fountain Pen
The Waterman pen company founded: in 1884, in New York, by Lewis E. Waterman. it is one of the few remaining old fountain pen companies, Now known as Waterman S.A. located in Paris, France. Waterman’s improvements on pen design and marketing played a vital role in making the fountain pen a mass-market object.
In 1883 Lewis Edson Waterman invented the “Three Fissure Feed” system which prevented excessive discharge of ink after previously losing a big sale due to a leaking fountain pen, which led Waterman’s to perfect the feed. The perfected feed, got a patent, granted in 1884. From the beginning, competition in the fountain pen industry was fierce, both in the marketplace and the courtroom. 15 years later, the L. E.Waterman company developed the “spoon Feed” which prevented overflow of ink. This also led the company to receive the gold medal of excellence at the “Paris Fair”.
The Company Takes off
After L. E. Waterman’s death in 1901, the company took off. Because of the leadership of Frank D. Waterman, Waterman’s nephew. The Company expanded worldwide. While the company introduced a series of innovations, the company’s main selling point was quality and reliability. 3 years passed, and the pen clip design saw the light, it allow to fix the pen to a pocket or to an object. That same year they also developed the first no leak retractable fountain pen.
At the end of the 20th. century, its more innovative competitors gain market share against them—Parker, Sheaffer, and Eversharp, in particular. By the late 20s, Waterman tried to catch up; but it continued to struggle through World War II and finally shut down in 1954. Their French subsidiary, Waterman S.A., absorbed what remained of the American company including its British arm.
After this. The company was acquired by the Bic company; Bic in 1987, sold the Waterman division to The Gillette Company which grew overall sales by 40% and later sold to Sanford, a division of Newell Rubbermaid , in 1993.